At age 96, Queen Elizabeth II, who had ruled Britain for the longest, passed away. She ruled for seven decades.
Elizabeth Alexandra Mary was the monarch of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from February 6, 1952, to September 8, 2022. She was also the Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith, and Queen of her other realms and territories. As the British monarch with the longest reign, she overtook Victoria in 2015.
Elizabeth was the eldest of the duke of York, Prince Albert, and his wife, Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon. Young Elizabeth had little chance of becoming king because her father was the younger son of King George V. However, on December 11, 1936, her uncle Edward VIII, who would later become the duke of Windsor, abdicated in her father’s favor, making her the heir apparent.
Princess Elizabeth traveled to South Africa at the beginning of 1947 with the king and queen. Following her return, news of her engagement to Prince Philip of Greece was made public. On November 20, 1947, the wedding took place in Westminster Abbey. King George VI’s health deteriorated seriously in the summer of 1951, so Princess Elizabeth stood for him at the Trooping of the Color and other formal occasions.
The monarch appeared to be becoming more aware of the monarchy’s contemporary function as seen by her approval of, for example, the legal breakup of her sister’s marriage in 1978 and the televised domestic life of the royal family in 1970. The royal family did, however, experience several difficulties throughout the 1990s. In 1992, Elizabeth refers to the year as “annus horribilis” for the royal family because After Anne’s divorce, Windsor Castle, the royal residence, was destroyed by fire.
In 2002, Elizabeth celebrated the 50th year of their reign. Events celebrated her “Golden Jubilee” across the Commonwealth, including several days of festivities in London. The loss of Elizabeth’s mother and sister earlier in the year dampened the festivities a little. The royal family’s reputation began to improve at the end of the twenty-first century’s first decade, and the British public received even Charles’ 2005 marriage to Camilla Parker Bowles. Elizabeth’s “Diamond Jubilee,” which marked 60 years of the monarchy, was commemorated in 2012. She surpassed Victoria’s record reign of 63 years and 216 days on September 9, 2015.
Prince Philip formally withdrew from public life in August 2017. However, he continued to make appearances at official events on occasion. Elizabeth started to scale back her official engagements in this period, delegating some responsibilities to Prince Charles and other senior royals. However, the pool of stand-ins shrank when Prince Harry, duke of Sussex, and his wife, Meghan, Duchess of Sussex, controversially decided to renounce their royal roles in March 2020.
The “Platinum Jubilee” was a four-day national holiday held in June 2022 in honor of Elizabeth II’s 70 years as monarch. It featured the Trooping the Color ceremony, a Thanksgiving service at St. Paul’s Cathedral, a pop music concert at Buckingham Palace, and a pageant that used street arts, theatre, music, a circus, carnival, and costumes to celebrate the queen’s reign. Health difficulties hampered Elizabeth’s participation. The queen also broke convention in September when she chose to appoint Liz Truss as prime minister at Balmoral rather than Buckingham Palace, where she had previously formally selected more than a dozen prime ministers, due to health concerns.
In addition to her customary and ceremonial obligations, Elizabeth was known to favor simplicity in court life and to take a genuine and informed interest in government affairs. In private, she developed a passion for horses, raised racehorses, frequently attended races, and occasionally traveled to Kentucky stud farms in the US. She is one of the wealthiest women in the world.
Condolences Queen Elizabeth II
The Royal Family stated: “The Queen passed away peacefully this afternoon at Balmoral. The King and the Queen Consort will spend this evening and tomorrow in Balmoral before departing for London.” Both a global and a personal response followed her passing. Leaders from across the world shared their condolences on occasion.